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The MRV Standard that stands for Monitoring, Reporting, Verification was forcefully required on July 1, 2015, for specific ships/vessels. 

The MRV requirement states that vessel owners, managers, and operators should monitor, report, and verify the CO2 emissions for ships. It must be conducted annually by all ships larger than 5,000 GT calling at any Norway and Iceland ports. Particularly, the gathering of data will take place on a per navigation basis, which will start January 1, 2018.

Substantially, along with the additional data, the reported CO2 emissions should be verified by independent authorized bodies like the DNV GL. Then, the document or data confirmed is sent to a central database handled by the EMSA or European Maritime Safety Agency.

The accumulated vessel emission and performance efficiency information will then be published by the EC on June 30, 2019. Essentially, this process should be done each consecutive year.


 The Monitoring Plan (MRV Regulation Requirement)

Based on the standards set by the EU MRV, a ship’s monitoring plan should be documented by an independent and authorized agent. Shipping associations are needed to comply the monitoring plan to the corresponding agent for every ship. This should be realized by August 31, 2017, at the latest.

For watercraft that fall under the extent of the standard the first time after August 31, 2017, the marine company shall comply the specific monitoring plan to the certified agent without any delay. And, not be later than 2 months after the corresponding ship called at EU port for the first time.

At first, the monitoring plan shall detail the corresponding vessel and its established ignition machinery. And, should also provide the data in a complete and clear form. Furthermore, the kind of fuel used and the measures used for determining the fuel consumption. Basically, for monitoring and reporting CO2 emissions or other significant data is selected.

The Reporting Phase (MRV Regulation Requirement)

The monitoring and reporting scheme is necessary to be sufficient in detail. This is in order to record all the information prescribed by the standard given. The monitoring and reporting must be complete. Which means, it must include CO2 emissions from the ignition of all fuels while vessels are at sea and at berth. With that, they shall be reported separately.

In addition, pertinent methods shall be covered to prevent any information gaps in the period of reporting. In which, is described as one calendar year. And, it shall as well be guaranteed or secured that any origins of inaccuracies or errors are minimized. The reporting requirements must include:

  • Methods for reporting fuel consumption
  • Reporting on per voyage basis
  • Monitoring on annual or yearly basis

The Verification Stage (MRV Regulation Requirement)

The chapter 3 of the standard (EU) 2016/2072 incorporates the area of verification affairs. As well, the general principles and obligations for the persons authorized or the ones who verify. Their responsibilities embody tasks such as securing that monitoring plans and emissions reports are correct and have complied with the standard requirements.

Furthermore, assurance is to be given by reviewing or checking the credibility, reliability, and veracity of the data reported and monitoring systems, as a whole.